Evaluation Tools

Evaluation is a critical component of any education program. Lions Clubs International Foundation is committed to assisting schools with program evaluation tools so that teachers and administrators can provide the most effective Lions Quest implementation possible. The Skills for Growing, Skills for Adolescence and Skills for Action curriculum kits contain tests for each unit so that knowledge from individual lesson plans can be tested. If a more comprehensive pre- and post-test is needed, there are a number of evaluation tools below which have been used with minor modifications in a variety of settings. If you are interested in obtaining results from specific Evaluation Studies please visit the Results section of this site.

Character Education Partnership
CEP provides links to a variety of tools for individual, teacher and school assessment. Two publications are also available outlining key components of effective character education and program evaluation.

Search Institute: Starting Out Right - Developmental Assets for Children
The Search Institute has identified 40 Assets as building blocks of healthy development that help young people grow up healthy, caring and responsible. These assets can be used to evaluate programs that promote healthy communities and youth.

Following is a list of the Evaluation Tool sections below. Click on an item to go to that section.

Lions Quest Tools

Additional Tools - Related Agencies and Organizations

Lions Quest Tools

Social & Emotional Learning and Character Education
Lions Quest Evaluation Kit Instruments: Grades K - 5

The evaluation instruments from the Lions Quest Evaluation Kit, Appendix III, will work well with the Skills for Growing program, provided all core lessons (24 for Grades K - 2 and 27 for Grades 3 - 5) are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test. Without this fidelity, it would not be possible to attribute all of the outcomes measured on the evaluation instruments to the Skills for Growing program.

A. Observational checklists for prosocial behaviors, completed by teachers for students in grades K-5 (30 questions) as pre-test baseline and post-test measures of observed student behaviors.

  • Spontaneous Prosocial Behavior (10 questions)
  • Negative Social Behaviors (10 questions)
  • Prosocial Behaviors; collapsed version (5 questions)
  • Negative Social Behaviors; collapsed version (5 questions)

B. The Student Assessment Surveys are self-report instruments completed by students as pre-test-baseline and post-test measures of social and emotional competence and character behaviors. (105 questions)

Skills for Adolescence Unit Tests: Grades 6 - 8: The Unit Tests at the end of Units 1 - 7 in the Skills for Adolescence curriculum will work well as pre- and post-test measures of student self-reported social and emotional competence and character attitudes and behaviors.

Drug Prevention Surveys
Skills for Adolescence Survey: Grades 6 - 8

The survey used by Dr. Marv Eisen and the Urban Institute for the NIDA Evaluation Study of Skills for Adolescence (SFA) is an excellent pre-and post-test instrument for evaluating SFA as a drug prevention program, when the minimum 45 essential SFA lessons identified in the One-Year Model in the SFA Program Guide are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test, including complete coverage of Unit 6, Year 1. The test contains 99 questions.

Service Learning Surveys
Life Review Post-Survey A: Grades 6 - 12

The Checklist of Personal Gains Post-Test will work well with Grades 6 - 12 when:

  • A minimum of the Service-Learning Unit is being implemented in Skills for Adolescence from baseline pre-test to post-test
  • A minimum of Parts 1 and 2 are being implemented in Skills for Action from pre-test to post-test. This test could also be used for Teens - Alcohol and Other Drugs if it is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. Ideally, the entire Skills for Action curriculum would be taught for the strongest outcomes.

Life Review Post Survey "A" (45 questions with background)

  • Use of Time (10 questions)
  • Motivation about School (9 questions)
  • Risk Behaviors (11 questions)
  • Goals (8 questions)

School Climate Surveys

Lions Quest School Climate Surveys: Grades K - 8: Skills for Growing and Skills for Adolescence both include School Climate Surveys in their Program Guides. Both are excellent tools for pre- and post-test use with the K-8 programs.

Student Attitude Pre-Survey: Grades 6 - 12
The Student Attitude Pre-Survey could be used as a pre-test and post-test with Skills for Adolescence and Skills for Action when:

  • A minimum of the Service-Learning Unit is being implemented in Skills for Adolescence from baseline pre-test to post-test.
  • A minimum of Parts 1 and 2 are being implemented in Skills for Action from pre-test to post-test. This test could also be used for Teens Alcohol and Other Drugs if it is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. Ideally, the entire Skills for Action curriculum would be taught for the strongest outcomes.

The Student Attitude Pre-Survey (53 questions)

  • Use of Time/Background Information (16 questions)
  • Helping and Volunteering Behaviors (10 questions)
  • Motivation about School (5 questions)
  • Life Expectations (1 question)
  • Personal and Social Responsibility (10 questions)
  • Goals (5 questions)
  • Background (4 questions)

Additional Tools - Related Agencies and Organizations

Social & Emotional Learning and Character Education

Surveys of the Behavioral Characteristics of Students: Grades 3 - 12
Professional Development and Assessment Center
Dr. Clete Bulach, Director

Bulach's instruments will work well as pre-and post-tests for measuring students' self-reported levels of character behaviors with the K-8 Lions Quest programs, provided:

  • All Skills for Growing core lessons (24 for Grades K - 2 and 27 for Grades 3 - 5) are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test.
  • The minimum 45 essential Skills for Adolescence (SFA) lessons identified in the One-Year Model in the SFA Program Guide are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test. Without this fidelity, it would not be possible to attribute all of the outcomes measured on the instruments to Lions Quest.

Overview of instruments:
a) A Survey of the Behavioral Characteristics of Students, Grades 3 - 6 (99 questions)

  • Part I: Background (4 questions)
  • Part II: Survey (95 questions)

b) A Survey of the Behavioral Characteristics of Students, Grades 6 - 12 (100 Questions)

  • Part I: Background (4 questions)
  • Part II: Survey (96 questions)

How to obtain: www.westga.edu/~cbulach or cbulach@comcast.net

BERS 2, Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale: ages 5-18
Michael H. Epstein

Designed for use in schools, mental health clinics, juvenile justice settings, and child welfare agencies, the Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale, Second Edition (BERS-2) helps to measure the personal strengths and competencies of children ages 5-0 through 18-11. The BERS-2 is a multi-modal assessment system that measures the child's behavior from three perspectives: the child (Youth Rating Scale), parent (Parent Rating Scale), and teacher or other professional (Teacher Rating Scale). The scale can be completed in approximately ten minutes.

The BERS-2 measures a child's:

  • Interpersonal strength
  • Involvement with family
  • Intrapersonal strength
  • School functioning
  • Affective strength
  • Career strength

Information is useful in evaluating children for:

  • Prereferral services
  • Specialized services
  • Outcomes of services

How to obtain: Visit PRO-ED Inc. for details and ordering information.

The Social-Emotional Resilience and Assets Scales (SEARS): Grades 3-12
Oregon Resiliency Project, University of Oregon

The Social-Emotional Assets and Resiliency Scales (SEARS) are being designed as cross-informant measures of students' assets and resilience, taking into account problem-solving skills, interpersonal skills, the ability to make and maintain friendships, the ability to cope with adversity, and the ability to be optimistic when faced with adversity. The SEARS represents a new direction in infusing positive psychology and resiliency into child and adolescent social-emotional assessment.

The SEARS assessments are being designed for the purpose of:

  • Screening
  • Assessment
  • Intervention planning
  • Intervention monitoring and evaluation
  • Program evaluation

The cross informant scales of the SEARS system include:

  • SEARS-C: a self-report measure for students in grades 3 through 6
  • SEARS-A: a self-report measure for students in grades 7 through 12
  • SEARS-T: a teacher report rating scale for assessing students
  • SEARS-P: a parent report rating scale for assessing children and adolescents

How to obtain: Evaluation of the SEARS assessments is on-going. To learn more, download sample copies, or view preliminary research studies, visit Strong Kids.

School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS): Grades K-12
Ken Merrell

Designed specifically for use in educational settings, the SSBS is a teacher rating scale that includes 65 items on two separate conormed scales:

  • Scale A: Social Competence (32 items)
  • Scale B: Antisocial Behavior (33 items)

All items are rated on a scale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (frequently). The empirically derived structure for each scale includes three subscales and a total score.

Scale A includes:

  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Self-Management Skills
  • Academic Skills subscales

Scale B includes:

  • Hostile-Irritable subscale
  • Antisocial-Aggressive subscale
  • Demanding-Disruptive subscale

All subscale and total scores are converted to social functioning levels, which serve as general indicators of the normative range of skill deficits or problem excesses. In addition, the total scores for each scale are converted to standard scores and percentile ranks. SSBS items and scales are scored by using a very simple scoring key that is printed on the rating form. Both scales of the SSBS were standardized with a sample of 1,855 students in kindergarten through Grade 12 from several U.S. states.

How to obtain: Contact Ken Merrel to get the scales.
Assessment of Children's Social Skills: Recent Developments, Best Practices, and New Directions

Drug Prevention Surveys

California Healthy Kids Survey: Grades 5 - 12
California Department of Education

The Healthy Kids Survey is a comprehensive and customizable youth self-report data collection system that can be used as a pre- and post-test and provides essential and reliable health risk assessment and resilience information to schools, districts and communities. Targeted for grades 5 - 12, the HKS enables schools and communities to collect and analyze valuable data regarding local youth health risks, assets and behaviors.

At the heart of the HKS is a research-based Core module that provides valid indicators of drug use, violence, crime, and physical and mental health. In addition to the Core, there are five supplementary modules to choose from that ask detailed questions on specific topics. Among these, the Resilience and Youth Development Module measures 11 external assets and 6 internal assets.

The external assets include caring relationships, high expectations, and opportunities for meaningful participation in the school, home, community, and peer group. Internal assets consist of cooperation and communication, empathy, problem-solving, self-efficacy, self-awareness, and goals and aspirations. There is also a custom module for incorporating additional questions targeting topics of local interest.

The Elementary School Questionnaire will work very well with Skills for Growing when the program is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. The instrument measures social and emotional competencies, character traits, resiliency and drug prevention. The section about "Health and Things You Might Do" contains questions that pertain to weight, exercise and fitness, which is beyond the specific content of Skills for Growing. Lions Quest would counsel schools to leave out questions 47 - 52.

Overview of instruments:
a) Elementary School Questionnaire, Grades 3 - 6 (64 questions)

  • Background ( 8 questions)
  • About Your School (12 questions)
  • About What Happens at School (9 questions)
  • About Cigarettes, Alcohol, and Other Drugs (11 questions)
  • About Health and Things You Might Do (13 questions)
  • About Home (11 questions )

The Middle School Questionnaire will work very well with Skills for Adolescence when the program is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. The instrument measures social and emotional competencies, character traits, resiliency and drug prevention. The section about "Physical Health and Eating Habits" contains questions that are beyond the specific content of Skills for Adolescence. Lions Quest would need to counsel schools to leave out questions A10 - 20.

b) Middle School Questionnaire, Grades 6 - 12
Module A: Core (90 questions)

  • Background (9 questions)
  • Physical Health and Eating Habits (11 questions)
  • About Alcohol, Tobacco, Marijuana, and Other Drugs (42 questions)
  • About Violence, Safety, Harassment, and Bullying (28 questions)

Module B: Resilience and Youth Development (23 questions)

  • About School (14 questions)
  • About the Neighborhood, Community, and Caring Adults (14 questions)

The High School Questionnaire will work with Skills for Action when the Skills Bank and Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs unit are taught from baseline pre-test to post-test. The instrument measures social and emotional competencies, character traits, resiliency and drug prevention. Questions A10 - 20 in the section about "Physical Health and Eating Habits" are beyond the specific content of Skills for Action. Lions Quest would need to counsel schools to leave out questions A10 - 20.

c) High School Questionnaire, Grades 6 - 12
Module A (101 questions)

  • Background ( 9 questions)
  • Physical Health and Eating Habits (11 questions)
  • About Alcohol, Tobacco, Marijuana, and Other Drugs (54 questions)
  • About Violence, Safety, Harassment, and Bullying (27 questions)

Module B (23 questions)

  • About School (14 questions)
  • About the Neighborhood, Community, and Caring Adults (9 questions)

How to obtain: All of the surveys are available in Spanish and English.

The Individual Protective Factors Index (IPFI): Grades 6 - 12
EMT Associates, Inc. J. Fred Springer, Joel L. Phillips

Developed by EMT Associates, the Individual Protective Factors Index (IPFI) can be used as a tool for evaluating prevention programs. One of the few measures on adolescent resiliency and protective factors available in the public domain, the items of the IPFI measure constructs related to adolescent resiliency, including social bonding, personal competence and social competence.

Sub-constructs for each of these three resiliency domains are as follows:

  • Social Bonding : School; Family; Pro-Social Norms
  • Personal Competence: Self-Concept; Self-Control; Self-Efficacy; Positive Outlook
  • Social Competence: Assertiveness; Confidence; Cooperation

The index also measures individual, family, peer and neighborhood risk factors for substance use.

The IPFI will work well with Skills for Adolescence and Skills for Action when:

  • Skills for Adolescence is taught in its entirety, with a strong emphasis on parent involvement from baseline pre-test to post-test.
  • Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs and the Skills Bank are covered in Skills for Action from baseline pre-test to post-test.

Overview of instruments:
a) Section I: General SEL and prevention questions (71 questions)
b) Part II: Information and perceptions about family, friends, and neighborhood (16 questions)

How to obtain: The survey is available.

PRIDE Surveys: Grades 4 - 12
International Survey Associates, LLC

The PRIDE Surveys will work well as pre-test baseline to post-test instruments provided that:

  • The Skills for Growing implementation includes complete coverage of Unit 4 from baseline pre-test to post-test
  • The minimum 45 essential Skills for Adolescence (SFA) lessons identified in the One-Year Model in the SFA Program Guide are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test, including complete coverage of Unit 6, Year 1.

The PRIDE Surveys are divided into categories of questions. Each category has its own numbering system. Therefore, the tests could be given in sections, which add flexibility for the user.

The Grades 6 - 12 survey is a hard-core drug use questionnaire. Before administering this test, teachers will need to get parental permission, informing schools and families of the information that is being requested, as it could be incriminating for both.

Overview of instruments:
a) The Pride Questionnaire for Grades 4 - 6 ( 64 questions)
b) The Pride Questionnaire for Grades 6 - 12 (150 questions)
c) Risk and Protective Factor Questionnaire for Grades 6 - 12 (74 questions.)

How to obtain: www.pridesurveys.com

Student Survey of Risk and Protective Factors and Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use: Grades 6 - 12
Social Development Research Group
Dr. Michael W. Arthur, Dr. J. David Hawkins, Dr. Richard F. Catalano

This evaluation instrument will work with Skills for Adolescence, and Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs, when:

  • The minimum 45 essential Skills for Adolescence (SFA) lessons identified in the One-Year Model in the SFA Program Guide are implemented from baseline pre-test to post-test, including the family component.
  • Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs is taught in its entirety from pre-test to post-test with strong family involvement.

Overview of instruments:
Student Survey of Risk and Protective Factors and Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use (126 questions)

  • Experience at School (16 questions)
  • Feelings and Experiences in Other Parts of Life (25 questions)
  • Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drugs (21 questions)
  • Neighborhood and Community (24 questions)
  • Family (33 questions)

How to Obtain: http://cart.rmcdenver.com/instruments/communities_that.pdf

Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Grades 6 - 12
Centers for Disease Control; National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

The "YRBS" 2009 surveys for middle and high school students are self-report questionnaires used to determine rates of various adolescent high-risk behaviors. Schools that use these items in needs and outcome assessment can compare and contrast their local data with national findings collected annually in all 50 states by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The 2009 Middle School Youth Risk Survey will work well with Skills for Adolescence when the program is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. There is emphasis on suicide prevention, weight control, physical activity, and other health-related topics that are not overtly covered in Skills for Adolescence but may be tertiary outcomes because of the program's emphasis on making healthy choices.

The 2009 High School Youth Risk Survey will work well when Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs (TAOD) is taught in its entirety with support from the Skills Bank from baseline pre-test to post-test. There is emphasis on suicide prevention, weight control, physical activity, and other health-related topics that are not overtly covered in TAOD or the Skills Bank but may be tertiary outcomes because of the program's emphasis on making healthy choices.

Service-Learning Surveys

Checklist of Personal Gains: Grades 6 - 12
Four District Career Education Consortium, Dr. Richard Bradley

The Checklist of Personal Gains Post-Test will work well with Grades 6 - 12 when:

  • A minimum of the Service-Learning Unit is being implemented in Skills for Adolescence from baseline pre-test to post-test.
  • A minimum of Skills for Action Parts 1 and 2 are being implemented from pre-test to post-test. This test could also be used with Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs if it is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. Ideally, the entire Skills for Action curriculum would be taught for the strongest outcomes.

Overview of instruments:
Checklist of Personal Gains Post-Test (Grades 6 - 12)

  • Personal Development (5 questions)
  • Social and Interpersonal Development (5 questions)
  • Ethical Development (4 questions)
  • Academic Development (7 questions)
  • Career Development (4 questions)
  • Personal Reflection on Service (1 question)
  • Background (8 questions)

How to Obtain: Email Dr. Richard Bradley at creativityrb@juno.com.

National and Community Service Study: Grades 6 - 12
Brandeis University. ABT Associates, Inc.

The National and Community Service Study will work well with Skills for Adolescence and Skills for Action when:

  • A minimum of the Service-Learning Unit is being implemented in Skills for Adolescence from baseline pre-test to post-test
  • A minimum of Skills for Action Parts 1 and 2 are being implemented from pre-test to post-test. This test could also be used for Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs if it is taught in its entirety from baseline pre-test to post-test. Ideally, the entire Skills for Action curriculum would be taught for the strongest outcomes.

This instrument is long and complicated. While it would reveal a wide range of outcomes, it may be most appropriate for use in a research capacity, rather than by the average teacher.

Overview of instruments:
National Community Service Study (137 questions)

  • Section A: Background (4 questions)
  • Section B: Service Experience (26 questions)
  • Section C1: Educational Competence (18 questions)
  • Section C2: Personal and Social Responsibility (70 questions)
  • Section D: Homework (2 questions)
  • Section E: Formal Helping Behavior (10 questions)
  • Risk Behaviors (7 questions)

How to Obtain: http://CART.rmcdenver.com

The 2006 Metro School Student Survey: Grades 6 - 12
RMC Research Corporation, modified by Richard Bradley, Ph.D.

The 2006 Metro School Student Survey Pre-Test will work well with Skills for Adolescence and Skills for Action students as a pre-test in Grades 6 - 12 classrooms when:

  • A minimum of the Service-Learning Unit is being implemented from Skills for Adolescence.
  • A minimum of Parts 1 and 2 are being implemented from Skills for Action. This test could also be used for Teen: Alcohol and Other Drugs. Ideally, the entire Skills for Action curriculum would be taught for the strongest outcomes.

Overview of instruments:
Metro School Student Survey Pre-Test (Grades 6 - 12)

  • Background: (10 questions)
  • Your School (7 questions)
  • Your Place in the Community (7 questions)
  • About You (10 questions)
  • How Good Are You At: (14 questions)

How to Obtain: Email Dr. Richard Bradley at creativityrb@juno.com.

School Climate Surveys

California Healthy Kids Survey: Grades 5 - 12
California Department of Education

The California Healthy Kids School Climate Survey for staff members will work well as a baseline pre-and post-test with Skills for Growing (SFG) and Skills for Adolescence (SFA) because they target school climate as a program outcome. It would not be valid for Skills for Action.

Overview of instruments:
a) School Climate Survey (for all staff - 43 questions)

  • Background (2 questions)
  • About the School (14 questions)
  • About the Adults in the School (8 questions)
  • About the students (19 questions)

b) School Climate Survey for Support Services Staff

  • About the School (13 questions)
  • About Health and Prevention Services (9)

How to Obtain: www.wested.org/cs/chks/print/docs/chks_home.html

CASEL Evaluation Instruments: Grades K - 8
Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
Dr. Mary Utne O'Brien, Executive Director

The CASEL Staff Survey for staff members is appropriate for use as a pre-test and post-test instrument with the Lions Quest K-8 programs, because Skills for Growing and Skills for Adolescence target school climate as a program outcome. It would not be valid for Skills for Action.

Overview of instruments:
Staff Survey (43 questions)

  • Background Information (5 questions )
  • About the School (38 questions)

How to Obtain: Permission is required to use this tool. Visit www.casel.org. Go to Sustainable Schoolwide Social and Emotional Learning Implementation Guide and Tool Kit, and then to SEL Assessment Instruments.

CSAP Measures: Grades 6 - 12
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
The CSAP measures for the School Domain for students will work well as pre-test and post-test instruments with Skills for Adolescence, since it has a strong school climate component. It would not be valid for Skills for Action.

Overview of instruments:

  • School Domain (9 questions)
  • School Bonding/Commitment (5 questions)
  • School Safety/Dangerousness (4 questions)

How to Obtain: http://CART.rmcdenver.com

PRIDE Survey for Faculty and Staff
International Survey Associates, LLC

This instrument will be useful if staff implementing Lions Quest programs would like to evaluate how knowledgeable and prepared they are as a prevention environment. Prevention includes a wide range of health-compromising behaviors.

Overview of instruments:
The Pride Questionnaire for Faculty and Staff (70 questions)

How to obtain: www.pridesurveys.com

Parent Surveys

CASEL Evaluation Instruments: Grades K - 8
Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
Dr. Mary Utne O'Brien, Executive Director

The CASEL Home Survey would be appropriate for use as a pre-test and post-test instrument with the Lions Quest K - 8 programs because Skills for Growing and Skills for Adolescence target school climate as a program outcome. It would not be appropriate for Skills for Action.

Overview of instrument:
Home Survey (33 questions)

  • Background Information (2 questions)
  • About the School (27 questions)
  • About You (4 questions)

How to Obtain: Permission is required to use this tool. Visit www.casel.org. Go to
Sustainable Schoolwide Social and Emotional Learning Implementation Guide and Tool Kit, and then to SEL Assessment Instruments.

PRIDE Survey for Parents
International Survey Associates, LLC

This instrument will be useful if staff implementing Lions Quest programs would like to evaluate how knowledgeable and prepared parents are to help their children avoid illegal and illicit drug use and a wide array of other health-compromising behaviors.

Overview of instruments:
The Pride Questionnaire for Parents (100 questions)

How to obtain: www.pridesurveys.com


En Espanol      Contact Us     Privacy Policy      Site Map